A Cross-Modal Investigation of Statistical Learning in Developmental Dyslexia

Nitzan Kligler, Yafit Gabay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Structural patterns existing in language can be exploited for implicit prediction of sequences in speech and visual input via a process termed statistical learning (SL). Despite extensive examination of SL in dyslexia, whether SL problems arise from modality-constrained learning processes or from global learning processes is still unknown, nor is it clear how SL can be supported. Purpose: The present study used the triplet paradigm to explore SL among young adults with dyslexia and among typical readers across auditory and visual modalities and tested whether information from one sensory modality can assist SL in a different sensory modality. Method: Participants performed auditory and visual SL tasks under conditions in which a consistent visual/auditory cue respectively accompanied the auditory/visual triplets or under conditions in which no cross-modal information was presented. Results: SL performance was poorer in the dyslexia group than among typical readers across visual and auditory modalities. Furthermore, both groups improved their SL abilities under conditions in which cues were consistent with triplet boundaries compared to under conditions lacking cross-modal information Conclusions: These findings suggest that SL impairments observed in dyslexia stem from a domain-general deficiency and that cross-modal information can be recruited to support SL in dyslexia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-354
Number of pages21
JournalScientific Studies of Reading
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Society for the Scientific Study of Reading.


This research was supported by the Israeli Scientific Foundation (734/22) grant to author YG.

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation734/22


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