Extensive efforts are currently underway to develop safe and cost-effective electrolytes for large-scale energy storage. In this regard, water-based electrolytes may be an attractive option, but their narrow electrochemical stability window hinders their realization. Although highly concentrated fluorinated electrolytes have been shown to be highly effective in suppression of water splitting, enabling significant widening of the applied potential range, they utilize expensive salts (e.g., lithium bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl) imide [LiTFSI] or lithium trifluoromethane sulfonate [LiOTf]); hence, they cannot be considered for practical applications. Here, we demonstrate a cost-effective aqueous electrolyte solution combining 14 M LiCl and 4 M CsCl that allows stable operation of a 2.15-V battery comprising a TiO2 anode and LiMn2O4 cathode. Addition of CsCl to the electrolyte plays a double role in system stabilization: the added chloride anions interact with the free water molecules, whereas the chaotropic cesium cations adsorb at the electrified interface, preventing hydrogen formation.
|Journal||Cell Reports Physical Science|
|State||Published - 19 Jan 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
N.S. acknowledges the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities for financial support. The research presented in this paper was partially funded by the Israeli Smart Transportation Research Center (ISTRC).
© 2021 The Author(s)
- LiCl electrolyte
- aqueous batteries
- aqueous electrolytes
- hydrogen evolution