A comparison of COVID-19 vaccination status among pregnant Israeli Jewish and Arab women and psychological distress among the Arab women

Orit Taubman – Ben-Ari, Efrat Weiss, Salam Abu-Sharkia, Enas Khalaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The public debate surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine is especially intense regarding pregnant women, who are concerned with its effects on themselves and their fetus, and a vulnerable at-risk population for psychological distress. We aimed at describing differences in vaccination status between pregnant Jewish and Arab women and understanding factors contributing to psychological distress among Arab women. Pregnant women (n = 860) aged 19–46 completed self-report questionnaires during the national vaccination program (March–April 2021). The questionnaires related to background, COVID-19-related vaccination status and intentions in this regard, COVID-19-related anxiety, and the Mental Health Inventory—Short Form. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t- and chi-square tests, Pearson correlations, and a hierarchical regression. Considerably fewer Jewish women had been infected and more were vaccinated than Arab women. Poorer health, lower economic status, being a mother, not being vaccinated, higher anxiety over economic damage, a family member being infected, delivery, and raising the baby contributed to higher distress. Findings offer novel insights for nurses in their efforts to encourage vaccination, highlighting the need to understand women's concerns during the vulnerable period of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-367
Number of pages8
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Nursing & Health Sciences published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • anxiety
  • multicultural health
  • pregnancy
  • psychological distress
  • vaccination

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