The availability of online text documents exposes readers to a vast amount of potentially valuable knowledge buried therein. The sheer scale of material has created the pressing need for automated methods of discovering relevant information without having to read it all. Hence the growing interest in recent years in Text Mining. A common approach to Text Mining is Information Extraction (IE), extracting specific types (or templates) of information from a document collection. Although many works on IE have been published, researchers have not paid much attention to evaluate the contribution of syntactic and semantic analysis using Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to the quality of IE results. In this work we try to quantify the contribution of NLP techniques, by comparing three strategies for IE: naïve co-occurrence, ordered co-occurrence, and the structure-driven method - a rule-based strategy that relies on syntactic analysis followed by the extraction of suitable semantic templates. We use the three strategies for the extraction of two templates from financial news stories. We show that the structure-driven strategy provides significantly better precision results than the two other strategies (80-90% for the structure-driven compared with about only 60% for the co-occurrence and ordered co-occurrence). These results indicate that a syntactical and semantic analysis is necessary if one wishes to obtain high accuracy.
|Original language||American English|
|Title of host publication||Third International Conference, CICLing 2002|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|State||Published - 2002|