9-cis β-carotene inhibits atherosclerosis development in female LDLR-/-Mice

Noa Zolberg Relevy, Ralph Rühl, Ayelet Harari, Itamar Grosskopf, Iris Barshack, Ami Ben-Amotz, Uri Nir, Hugo Gottlieb, Yehuda Kamari, Dror Harats, Aviv Shaish

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20 Scopus citations


Background: Several epidemiological studies have shown that diets rich in carotenoids are associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. However, administration of synthetic all-trans β-carotene was reported to have no effect on cardiovascular disease. We previously showed that the 9-cis β-carotene-rich powder of the alga Dunaliella bardawil inhibits atherogenesis and reduces plasma non-HDL cholesterol levels in mice. Context and purpose of this study: We sought to study whether isolated 9-cis β-carotene inhibits atherogenesis in a murine model of atherosclerosis. Results: Twelve-week-old female LDL receptor knockout mice (LDLR-/-) were pretreated for 2 weeks with regular chow diet fortified with the alga Dunaliella powder, 9-cis β-carotene isomer, all-trans β-carotene isomer, or 9-cis retinoic acid, followed by 10 weeks of a high-fat diet with the same fortifications. In contrast to Dunaliella, 9-cis β-carotene did not inhibit the high fat diet-induced elevation of plasma cholesterol. In addition, diet fortification with Dunaliella powder, β-carotene isomers, or 9-cis retinoic acid did not change the plasma retinol or retinoic acid levels. Nevertheless, 9-cis β-carotene significantly inhibited atherogenesis compared to the control mice (39% reduction). Conclusions: The results suggest that 9-cis β-carotene should be considered as an anti-atherogenic agent in the human diet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-79
Number of pages13
JournalFunctional Foods in Health and Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

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© 2017 The Author(s)


  • 9CBC
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Dunaliella
  • LDLR-/- mice


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