4Q37 and Excerpted Texts of Deuteronomy from Qumran

Hila Dayfani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Four manuscripts from Qumran Cave 4 are identified as manuscripts that constitute a collection of excerpts from Deuteronomy: 4Q37, 4Q38, 4Q41, and 4Q44. This paper focuses on 4Q37 and its contribution to understanding the larger group of Deuteronomy-excerpted texts. Based on material reconstruction of the scroll, the paper confirms that it originally included excerpts from both Deuteronomy and Exodus. This conclusion establishes the existence of a repertoire of scriptural sections that were selected and cited in special-use—probably liturgical—texts. The broader implications for the reception history of the Pentateuch in Second Temple times is that the Pentateuch was not conceptualized solely as a legal code or intellectual text but also as a text that was used in liturgy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-234
Number of pages22
JournalDead Sea Discoveries
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • 4Q37
  • Deuteronomy manuscripts
  • Pentateuch
  • excerpts
  • liturgy
  • material philology


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