3D reconstruction of spinal posture of the Kebara 2 Neanderthal

Ella Been, Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Patricia A. Kramer, Alon Barash

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Spinal posture has vast biomechanical, locomotor and pathological implications in hominins. Assessing the curvatures of the spine of fossil hominins can provide important information towards the understanding of their paleobiology. Unfortunately, complete hominin spines are very rarely preserved in the fossil record. The Neanderthal partial skeleton, Kebara 2 from Israel, constitutes a remarkable exception, representing an almost complete spine and pelvis. The aim of this study is, therefore, to create a new 3D virtual reconstruction of the spine of Kebara 2. To build the model, we used the CT scans of the sacrum, lumbar and thoracic vertebrae of Kebara 2, captured its 3D morphology, and, using visualization software (Amira 5.2

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 2017

Publication series

NameVertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology
ISSN (Print)1877-9077

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017.


  • 3D reconstruction
  • Locomotor differences
  • Modern humans
  • Spinal posture


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