2-Hexylthio-β,γ-CH2-ATP is an effective and selective NTPDase2 inhibitor

Irina Gillerman, Joanna Lecka, Luba Simhaev, Mercedes N. Munkonda, Michel Fausther, Mireia Martín-Satué, Hanoch Senderowitz, Jean Sévigny, Bilha Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


NTPDase2 catabolizes nucleoside triphosphates and consequently, through the interaction of nucleotides with P2 receptors, controls multiple biological responses. NTPDase2 inhibitors could modulate responses induced by nucleotides in thrombosis, inflammation, cancer, etc. Here we developed a set of ATP analogues as potential NTPDase inhibitors and identified a subtype-selective and potent NTPDase2 inhibitor, 2-hexylthio-β,γ-methylene-ATP, 2. Analogue 2 was stable to hydrolysis by NTPDase1, -2, -3, and -8. It inhibited hNTPDase2 with Ki 20 μM, while only marginally (5-15%) inhibiting NTPDase1, -3, and -8. Homology models of hNTPDase1 and -2 were constructed. Docking and subsequent linear interaction energy (LIE) simulations provided a correlation with r2 = 0.94 between calculated and experimental inhibition data for the triphosphate analogues considered in this work. The origin of selectivity of 2 for NTPDase2 over NTPDase1 is the thiohexyl moiety of 2 which is favorably located within a hydrophobic pocket, whereas in NTPDase1 it is exposed to the solvent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5919-5934
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - 24 Jul 2014


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