סוגיות מוחלפות בירושלמי

Translated title of the contribution: Inverted Sugyot in the Yerushalmi

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Abstract

The Palestinian Talmud was produced by hundreds of Amoraim from various academies who flourished during a period of at least one-hundred and fifty years. Thus, the question arises as to whether (and to what extent) the work is an editorial unity. Previous scholars have dealt with this question in passing, although numerous unsolved difficulties remain, which are discussed in the present article. The sugyot muḥlafot in the Yerushalmi fall into several different categories. Many of the passages previously assumed to be sugyot muḥlafot apparently do not stem from different sources, the differences between them being mere scribal errors or textual variants. Elsewhere, however, we find genuine contradictions between sugyot, proving that they derive from different sources. Sometimes two sugyot discuss different topics but overlap partially, contradicting each other at the point of overlap. Such sugyot clearly stem from different sources, although they do not necessarily prove the existence of different, parallel versions of the Yerushalmi as a whole. Elsewhere, conflicting or repetitive discussions of related (but not identical) topics are found, usually in close proximity to one another; these would appear to stem from earlier redactions of the Talmud, which were intentionally juxtaposed by the final editor(s) of the Yerushalmi. Finally, there are several parallel sugyot which clearly stem from different sources; these prove decisively that our Yerushalmi is not an editorial unity, but rather contains remnants of several different versions of the Talmud. Nevertheless, the question of whether the rest of the Yerushalmi stems from a single version of the Talmud remains open. The sugyot muḥlafot in the Yerushalmi are not characterized by distinctive geographical, chronological, terminological or other features which might enable us to determine their provenience. Thus, while some of these sugyot presumably stem from the different Amoraic academies (e.g., Caesaria vs. Tiberias), others may reflect various types of later, transmissional variations, to which the Yerushalmi is apparently prone because of the 'modular' character of many of its sugyot.
Translated title of the contributionInverted Sugyot in the Yerushalmi
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)19-66
JournalTarbiz: a quarterly for Jewish studies
Volume60
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

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