מערכת המסתור בתל משמר העמק (אבו־שושה), גבע פרשים: שיטת הגנה יהודית בעיר פוליס נוכרית

Translated title of the contribution: The Hiding Complex at Tel Mishmar Ha-‘emek (Abu-Shusha), Geva Parashim: A Jewish Defense System in a Gentile Polis

ינון שבטיאל, זאב בן שמואל ספראי

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The many rich finds from Tel Abu-Shusha (Mishmar Ha-‘emek) in the Jezreel Valley attest to its having been an important site in the Roman and Byzantine periods. The site is identified as Geva Philippi, a city with polis status. Based on several convincing finds, Zeev Safrai and Micha Lin also identified the site as Geva Parashim (Gaba), referred to by Josephus as the place where Herod settled his cavalry veterans; other scholars identify Geva Parashim as Khirbet Harithiya, near Sha‘ar Ha-‘Amakim. Despite the controversy over the identification of the site, the general consensus is that it was a city of gentiles. The discovery of a hillside refuge system exhibiting all the characteristics of a hiding complex therefore calls for reappraisal of the site and raises the question of why such a hiding complex should exist at a non-Jewish site. The main discussion therefore focuses not only on the identification of the site as Geva Parashim, but also on the unusual discovery of a hiding complex in a non-Jewish locality and the question of whether it was used in times of urgent need by Jews who lived in the non-Jewish city. The article addresses all these aspects and offers solutions.
Translated title of the contributionThe Hiding Complex at Tel Mishmar Ha-‘emek (Abu-Shusha), Geva Parashim: A Jewish Defense System in a Gentile Polis
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)97-120
Number of pages24
Journalבמעבה ההר
Volume11
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021

IHP Publications

  • ihp
  • Eretz Israel -- Antiquities, Byzantine
  • Eretz Israel -- Antiquities, Roman
  • Hiding places
  • Jews -- History -- 132-135, Bar Kokhba Rebellion
  • Mishmar Ha'Emek (Israel) -- Antiquities
  • Seals (Numismatics)

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