חשיפה עצמית יזומה של המטפל: תרומתם של סגנון ההתקשרות של המטפל, מידת הנירוטיציזם והמוחצנות באישיותו ומאפייני המטופל

Translated title of the contribution: THERAPIST SELF-DISCLOSURE: THE CONTRIBUTION OF THERAPISTS' ATTACHMENT STYLE, DEGREES OF NEUROTICISM/EXTROVERSION, AND PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS

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Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Therapist self-disclosure (TSD) includes revealing biographical facts, feelings, and thoughts about the patient or the therapeutic relationship. It is known as an intimate communication medium, and it is assumed that the use of this method will vary, depending on interpersonal differences. Despite the vast literature on TSD, there is sparse research regarding forensic populations. Aims: The current study examined the correlation between TSD, the therapist's attachment style, and degrees of neuroticism and extraversion in their personality with the "type" of patients they treat. Methods: 181 therapists working with victims of sexual crimes and sexual perpetrators or with patients not classified via these populations completed four questionnaires: a demographic questionnaire, an attachment questionnaire, a personality questionnaire, and a TSD questionnaire. Main findings: A negative correlation was found between neuroticism and TSD. Contrary to the hypothesis, extraversion did not correlate with TSD. Avoidant attachment was negatively related to TSD. No differences in the extent of TSD by type of patient were found. Significant gender differences were found regarding the types of TSD and the factors influencing the decision to use the method of TSD: Male therapists tended to reveal more insights and personal challenge, and they challenged thinking patterns more than females did. A higher percentage of women therapists reported that gender and patient attributes contributed to their decision to use TSD.Conclusions and implications for practice: In cases where therapists advocate the use of self-disclosure but avoid it because of their difficulties, supervision is important in order to raise their self-awareness and help expand their knowledge of TSD. It would be worthwhile for future studies to examine therapists’ perceptions of TSD and their actual usage of it.
Translated title of the contributionTHERAPIST SELF-DISCLOSURE: THE CONTRIBUTION OF THERAPISTS' ATTACHMENT STYLE, DEGREES OF NEUROTICISM/EXTROVERSION, AND PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)319-348
Number of pages30
Journalחברה ורווחה: רבעון לעבודה סוציאלית
Volumeמ'
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 2020

IHP Publications

  • ihp
  • Attachment behavior
  • Personality
  • Psychotherapists
  • Self-disclosure
  • Sex offenders
  • Sexual abuse victims
  • Therapist and patient

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