התערבות טכנולוגית לקשר עין בקרב ילדים עם אוטיזם

Translated title of the contribution: Technological Intervention to Improve Eye-contact among Children with Autism

סיגל עדן, עדינה שמיר, שי הורוביץ, ניקול מוניץ, מוריס אמון, עידו דרור, גל בצרי, תומר כהן

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

One of the most significant difficulties in social communication among people with autism
is the difficulty of creating eye contact as a basis for communication interaction with the
environment. Poor eye contact affects social learning and the ability to communicate best
with the world. This study examined the effect of technological intervention on improving
eye contact among children with high-function autism (HFASD). The software called CME
includes games with 5 animation characters from the children's world, each of which has a
short storyline played in the background. In order to progress in the plot, the child is asked
by the character to look it in the eyes and receives active feedback from the character as well
as visual and verbal feedback. The software identifies the focus of the user's gaze via a
Webcam, and the user navigates the software using head movements and focusing the gaze
only. The study included 24 participants with HFASD (23 boys and one girl), attending
kindergarten and first grade. The intervention program consisted of six individual sessions,
three times a week, during which the participants experienced the unique software with adult
mediation. The computer software collected information regarding the participants gaze

focus in several parameters. Pre and post intervention, the participants eye contact ability was
examined in order to see whether an optimal change has occurred. In general, the results of
the study indicate an improvement in the focus of the children's gaze in the area of the eyes
of the animated characters shown in the computer game. Also, the results indicate that the
time the children were wondering around the screen with their gaze has decreases.
Translated title of the contributionTechnological Intervention to Improve Eye-contact among Children with Autism
Original languageHebrew
Title of host publicationהאדם הלומד בעידן הטכנולוגי : ספר הכנס הארבעה-עשר לחקר חדשנות וטכנולוגיות למידה ע"ש צ'ייס : שלישי-רביעי, ז-ח באדר א תשע"ט, 13-12 בפברואר 2019
Editorsיורם עשת-אלקלעי, אינה בלאו, אבנר כספי, ניצה גרי, יורם קלמן, שולמית אתגר
Publisherהאוניברסיטה הפתוחה ושה"ם
Pages ע172-ע177
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2019

IHP Publications

  • ihp
  • Autistic children
  • Communication devices for people with disabilities
  • People with disabilities -- Means of communication
  • Technology and people with disabilities

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