In recent years, non-agricultural enterprises have increasingly been established in moshavim in Israel, as farm owners have diversified their activities or rented out land and buildings to external commercial organizations. The need to find non-agricultural sources of employment on the one hand, and the difficulty of conducting commercial activity in rural areas without prior planning and allowance for ecological considerations on the other, have created numerous ecological implications for the moshav. As a result there has been an increase in the number of complaints referred to the Environment and Health Ministries. An analysis of the reports of both Ministries present a professional evaluation of a number of cases, where operation of non-agricultural enterprises caused an environmental damage. The paper examines the extent of the environmental implications in three moshavim located on the fringes of the Tel-Aviv metropolitan area, where the entrance of non-agricultural businesses is more common. A household survey conducted in the three moshavim, covering a representative sample, tapped the subjective attitudes of the residents. The major environmental disturbances reported are noise and air pollution, followed by solid waste. There is a positive correlation between distance of the non-agricultural business and the residence of the person complaining. The major consequence is that the moshav infrastructure cannot adequately support the operation of non-agricultural activities, especially those which cause negative environmental impacts, and a solution which will cluster such activities outside the moshav is preferable.
|Translated title of the contribution||Environmental Implication of the Entrance of Non-Agricultural Businesses to the Moshavim|
|Journal||Horizons in Geography|
|State||Published - 1995|