"האם מותרת אישה לפי ההלכה לעמוד בראשות עירייה?": גולדה מאירסון והסיקור העיתונאי של המירוץ לראשות עיריית תל אביב

Translated title of the contribution: “Can a woman serve as mayor according to Halacha?” Golda Meyersonand Press Coverage of the 1955 Campaign for Mayor of Tel Aviv

גילעד גרינוולד

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In July 1955, the Tel Aviv City Council elections were held in which Golda Meyerson (later, Meir) ran for mayor as the leader of Mapai’s list for the council. Although Mapai won the largest number of seats in the city council, following the campaign, Meyerson stood at the center of a political, social, and religious dispute in which representatives of the religious Agudat Yisrael, Ha-Mizrachi, and Ha-Poel Ha-Mizrachi in the council refused to support her candidacy for mayor because she was a woman. The article presents an analysis of the media coverage of Meyerson months before the mayoral election campaign began, during it, and during the political dispute after it ended. The emphasis is on gender framing in the general and partisan, as well as in the secular, religious, and ultra-Orthodox press in Israel during that period. The research was conducted using a mixed method content analysis: a quantitative content analysis of a sample of news items aimed at systematically monitoring the number and rate of gender references to Meyerson during 1955, alongside a qualitative content analysis involving a deep and critical examination not only of the amount of gender bias but also its nature, character, and direction. The findings indicate significant differences between gender coverage in the partisan versus the general press, as well as in the secular versus the religious and ultra-Orthodox press. The article's conclusions point to the historical anchors of the central theory in the fields of political communication and gender today, and raise the possibility that gender bias toward female politicians in society, politics, and the media was widespread much earlier than was commonly thought. In the context of Golda Meir, who later became the fourth prime minister of Israel, the article challenges her famous statement, according to which being a woman never played a role or harmed her throughout her political career.
Translated title of the contribution“Can a woman serve as mayor according to Halacha?” Golda Meyersonand Press Coverage of the 1955 Campaign for Mayor of Tel Aviv
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)215-236
Number of pages22
Journalקשר
Volume61
StatePublished - 2023

IHP Publications

  • ihp
  • Davar (Tel Aviv, Israel)
  • Feminism
  • Journalism
  • Local elections
  • Mass media
  • Mass media -- Political aspects
  • Meir, Golda -- 1898-1978
  • Sex
  • Tel Aviv-Yafo (Israel) -- History
  • Women -- Political activity
  • Women in mass media
  • Yediot aharonot
  • ha-Arez

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