אמונה, טהרה וקיום מצוות: שלושת הרבדים של המושג פִטרַה בספרות החַדִית' הסונית

Translated title of the contribution: Faith, Purity, and Observance of the Mitzvos: The Three Layers of the Concept of Fitra in Sunni Hadith Literature

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Abstract

In early Islamic literature, the concept of fitra (creation) reflected a vague meaning regarding innate human state. Scholars have generally focused on the perception of fitra as a mental state, and only a few have addressed its physical dimension. This article explores the ancient Sunni Hadith traditions involving fitra and argues that they reflect three different perceptions of fitra: a state of faith (mental state of nature), a physical state, and a behavioral state. Additionally, this essay discusses the possible connection between fitra traditions and prayer, and proposes that central fitra tradition may be based on a Talmudic tradition. Furthermore, it analyzes how traditions quoted by the Hanbali scholar al-Khalal reshaped the perception of fitra as a state of faith in accordance with the predestination doctrine.
Translated title of the contributionFaith, Purity, and Observance of the Mitzvos: The Three Layers of the Concept of Fitra in Sunni Hadith Literature
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)*91-*63
JournalThe Journal for Interdisciplinary Middle Eastern Studies
Volume7
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021

IHP Publications

  • ihp
  • Byzantine Empire
  • Faith
  • Hadith
  • Islam
  • Islam -- Customs and practices
  • Purity, Ritual -- Islam
  • Sunnites
  • Taqlīd

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