## Abstract

The study of algebraic group actions on varieties and coordinate algebras is a major area of research in algebraic geometry and ring theory. The subject has its connections with the theory of polynomial mappings, tame and wild automorphisms, the Jacobian conjecture of O.-H. Keller, infinite-dimensional varieties according to Shafarevich, the cancellation problem (together with various cancellation-type problems), the theory of locally nilpotent derivations, among other topics. One of the central problems in the theory of algebraic group actions has been the linearization problem, formulated and studied in the work of T. Kambayashi and P. Russell, which states that any algebraic torus action on an affine space is always linear with respect to some coordinate system. The linearization conjecture was inspired by the classical and well known result of A. Bialynicki–Birula, which states that every effective regular torus action of maximal dimension on the affine space over algebaically closed field is linearizable. Although the linearization conjecture has turned out negative in its full generality, according to, among other results, the positive-characteristic counterexamples of T. Asanuma, the Bialynicki–Birula has remained an important milestone of the theory thanks to its connection to the theory of polynomial automorphisms. Recent progress in the latter area has stimulated the search for various noncommutative analogues of the Bialynicki–Birula theorem. In this paper, we give the proof of the linearization theorem for effective maximal torus actions by automorphisms of the free associative algebra, which is the free analogue of the Bialynicki–Birula theorem.

Translated title of the contribution | Noncommutative Bialynicki–Birula Theorem |
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Original language | English |

Pages (from-to) | 51-61 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Chebyshevskii Sbornik |

Volume | 21 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2020 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2020 State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University. All rights reserved.

### Funding

We are grateful to I. V. Arzhantsev, V. L. Dolnikov, R.N. Karasev, V. O. Manturov, A. M. Raigo-rodskii, G. B. Shabat and N. A. Vavilov for stimulating discussions. The main result of this note was conceived in the prior work [13] of A. K.-B., J.-T. Y. and A. E.. Theorem 3 is due to A. E. and A. K.-B.; Lemma 1 and the review of known results for the linearization problem is due to F. R., J.-T. Y. and W. Z.. F. R. is also is responsible for the investigation of possible transcendental analogies. A. E. and A. K.-B. are supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant No. 17-11-01377. F. R. is supported by the FCT (Foundation for Science and Technology of Portugal) scholarship with reference number PD/BD/142959/2018.

Funders | Funder number |
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Foundation for Science and Technology of Portugal | PD/BD/142959/2018 |

Russian Science Foundation | 17-11-01377 |

Fundació Catalana de Trasplantament |

## Keywords

- Linearization problem
- Polynomial automorphisms
- Torus actions