The reactions of several radicals of the type ·CR1R 2CR3R4X (where X = OH or NH3 +) with metal powders that have been immersed in aqueous solutions were studied. The radicals were formed by radiation chemical techniques. One of the products in all these reactions is the corresponding alkene, R 1R2C=CR3R4. The results are in accord with a mechanism in which the radicals react with the metals that are forming transients with metal-carbon σ bonds. The latter transients decompose via two competing reactions: (a) heterolysis of the metal-carbon σ bond and (b) β-elimination of X-. Moreover, the dehalogenation of BrCH2CH2NH3+ and ClCH2(CH3)2COH by metal powders was studied. Also in these reactions, the corresponding alkene is one of the products. This result is consistent with the suggestion that, in the dehalogenation reaction, an alkyl radical is formed in the first step. This radical then reacts with the metal. Alternatively, the transients with metal-carbon σ bonds in the dehalogenation processes might be formed via a concerted mechanism.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 4 Sep 2006|